The Depreciated Legacy of Cervantes
At the beginning of the depreciated legacy of Cervantes, the author assumes that the whole of Europe's history extending to America has plunged into a crisis with the development of science and technology.
As a novelist, Kundera says that the founder of Modern Europe is Cervantes the author of Don Quixote.
European novelists focus on different themes. With Cervantes, it was adventure. With Balzac, it was the root of man in history. With Flaubert, it was incognita for the day. With Tolstoy, it was the intrusion of the irrational man's behavior.
The theme of the European novel lay in the passion of knowing that it is the concrete nature of life.
The novel began to have its own life stages, which were renewed with Nietzsche's theme: The Death of God. With Cervantes, truth was christened as a dead fossil and a lot of truths emerged; the character became an imaginary self. The knowledge of good and evil achieves a relativistic character, of ambiguity. Kundra cites Kafka's novel, the trial in which an innocent man K falls victim to an unfair court.
Don Quixote is a novel where time runs out as a composition between magic and reality. The perspective of time changes as history enters the realm of being. With Balzac's coming, the institutions of society such as money, crime, police and law and order occur as epic proportions in the novel.
The modern novel is a paradox where characters have a taste for disaster, yet there is the character's triumph.
Although modern Europe is characterized by the rise of rationality, the identity of the self breaks apart. Europe is confused in the terror of war. Fate, speechlessness and anxiety capture the character's life. The values are broken down. There is just as much intolerance and fanaticism.
The novel becomes a paradoxical enterprise. The author comments on the death of the dead and the surrealists of the novel. He paints a bleak picture of the novel in communist totalitarian societies. The novel under the communist regime had to face censorship and prohibition.
Milan Kundera classifies the novel into four categorical themes - the appeal of the game, the appeal of the dream, the appeal of thought and the appeal of the time.
What is the appeal of the game? Does that mean to say that the novel is an imaginative business? Let's look at the appeal of games from the perspective of postmodernism. The postmodern novel is an invasion of character. Texts are a collection of metaphors. There is a tendency to import extreme irony and parody. There is also an inherent tendency to drop novels from the past and to write in the style of pastiche.
Now let's look at the appeal of the idea. The author wants to mention that the novel achieves a structure of philosophical unity. The interior of time becomes an elevated plane of thought. An example of the appeal of the thought lies in Joyce's streams of consciousness.
What is the appeal of the dream? Attracting dream is a combination of dream and reality. Bach recites magical realism and mouths electric sandwiches. Dream enables the manifestation of the unconscious.
What is the appeal of the time? Time is paradoxically located in the interior. Time becomes a huge mystery of irrationality, an oasis of intimacy, narcissism of the soul, an eclectic myth of the mind.
Here the author comments on the quest for the novel. The novel points to the difficulty of truth.
Dialogue on the art of the novel
Here dialogues Customer that his novel is not a dictum of psychological aesthetics. I would argue with him on this point. Aesthetics is the futurism of the novel - the avant-garde novel to write. The novel should be similar to Picasso's cubist work, an explanation of Camus's philosophical work: The Myth of the Sisyphus, a piece of baroque music.
When we look at the novel from a psychological framework, we have to confront the meaning of existential destiny. Disaster marks the triumph of individuality. There will be a tendency in the novel to condemn the demons of the catastrophes and teach the character's identity in a pathos of sympathetic irony.
In the section, Kundera questions the novel's ability to understand itself. For Sartre, the self is a unit of nothingness. Postmodernism wants to undermine the self. Congratulate ID, deify ownership and teach Super Ego.
During Cervante's age, the chase from the piety was deconstructed by chivalry. In Kafka we see the self-distribution. The self becomes a victim of tyrannical bureaucratic buildings. In Joyce, the self is swimming in the ocean of streams of consciousness.
The author constructs dialogues about the self and history. The self in the novel is a way of revelation. The self is a confessional symptom. The self is an art of lyrical intimacy.
A novelist cannot avoid the universal nature of history. History explained in the novel is one of the voices of dissent and the scent of depression. History undergoes the subjectivity of castrated characterization.
The author classifies the novel as being a polyhistorical brightness. What does term history mean? It includes the fusion of several topics in the novel such as art, aphorism, tropes, a pathological characterization of the self.
Dialogue on the art of composition
Here he writes the term Kafkan after Kafka. He uses an example to illustrate the term. An engineer from a communist country goes to London and returns and finds that the press has slandered him by saying he has spoken ill of the country. He approaches the editor who says he got the story from the Home Office and when he goes to the Home Office they apologize by saying it was a mistake. The conflict between the personal and the public is described by the author as Kafkan. & # 39;
The last section of the book is a compilation, a dictionary of terms he has used for his novels.
Aphorism is very clear which means a brief statement.
Beauty and knowledge
What is the term beautiful in the novel? For Cervantes it was adventure. For Kafka, there was existential anxiety, protest against totalitarian bureaucrats. For Joyce, it was the search for art in everyday experiences. What is knowledge? The customer does not give a satisfactory explanation of it.
He describes storage as one of breaking lines. The concept of storage is a problem in the novel. Let me illustrate by giving an example. Judas betrayed Christ for thirty pieces of silver. Why was the need to point out Christ because he was a popular figure? The problem of storage in the novel is a problematic one.
The boundary is denoted by emotional terms: such as hatred, love and anxiety. The limit in a novel has no definable limit.
Comedy for the author is not what makes us laugh but a revelation of the unknown.
Destiny is the self-conflict. Fate is absurd and we must creatively verify a fate.
Exciting for the author is erotic.
Forgetting is a term used to convey a memory in ironic terms.
The dream lies in utilizing ID to create bizarre enigmatic fantasy stories.
Irony for the author is a build of character. It makes the character upset. As a novel technique, irony is sublime in literature.
Kitsch for the author is a sentimental flaw. Kitsch is a term in which emotion, vulgarity, and insulting melodic delight in narcissism.